Characteristics 6-8

CHARACTERISTICS OF DYSLEXIA6th – 8th Grade

The following signs may be associated with dyslexia if they are unexpected for the individual’s age, educational level, or cognitive abilities.

  • Has a history of reading and spelling difficulties;
  • Avoids reading aloud;
  • Reads most materials slowly; oral reading is labored, not fluent;
  • Avoids reading for pleasure;
  • Lacks a strategy to read new words;
  • Oral reading filled with substitutions, omissions, mispronunciations and disregard for punctuation;
  • Better at reading words in context, rather than in isolation;
  • May have inadequate vocabulary;
  • Mispronunciation of the names of people and places, tripping over parts of words;
  • Uses imprecise language, such as vague references to stuff or things instead of the proper name of an object;
  • Not being able to find the exact word, such as confusing words that sound alike: saying tornado instead of volcano, substituting lotion for ocean or humanity for humidity;
  • May be slow to discern and to learn prefixes, suffixes, root words and other reading and spelling strategies;
  • Difficulty spelling phonetically;
  • Poorer performance on multiple choice tests than other types of tests;  
  • Inability to finish tests on time;
  • Difficulty with word problems in math;
  • Strong thinking skills: conceptualization, reasoning, imagination, abstraction;
  • Has the ability to get the “big picture”;
  • Has a high level of understanding what is read to him;
  • Has a surprisingly good listening vocabulary;
  • Stronger ability in areas not dependent on reading, such as math, computers, art;
  • Deteriorating self-esteem and motivation that might appear as laziness;
  • A family history of reading problems in parents or siblings.